How to use the site

On this site you will find pictures and information about some of the electrical and mecanichal relics that the Frank Sharp Private museum has accumulated over the years .
There are lots of vintage electrical and electronic items that have not survived well or even completely disappeared and forgotten.

Or are not being collected nowadays in proportion to their significance or prevalence in their heyday, this is bad and the main part of the death land. The heavy, ugly sarcophagus; models with few endearing qualities, devices that have some over-riding disadvantage to ownership such as heavy weight,toxicity or inflated value when dismantled, tend to be under-represented by all but the most comprehensive collections and museums. They get relegated to the bottom of the wants list, derided as 'more trouble than they are worth', or just forgotten entirely. As a result, I started to notice gaps in the current representation of the history of electronic and electrical technology to the interested member of the public.

Following this idea around a bit, convinced me that a collection of the peculiar alone could not hope to survive on its own merits, but a museum that gave equal display space to the popular and the unpopular, would bring things to the attention of the average person that he has previously passed by or been shielded from. It's a matter of culture. From this, the Washer Rama Web Museum concept developed and all my other things too. It's an open platform for all electrical Electronic TV technology to have its few, but NOT last, moments of fame in a working, hand-on environment. We'll never own Colossus or Faraday's first transformer, but I can show things that you can't see at the Science Museum, and let you play with things that the Smithsonian can't allow people to touch, because my remit is different.

There was a society once that was the polar opposite of our disposable, junk society. A whole nation was built on the idea of placing quality before quantity in all things. The goal was not “more and newer,” but “better and higher" .This attitude was reflected not only in the manufacturing of material goods, but also in the realms of art and architecture, as well as in the social fabric of everyday life. The goal was for each new cohort of children to stand on a higher level than the preceding cohort: they were to be healthier, stronger, more intelligent, and more vibrant in every way.

The society that prioritized human, social and material quality is a Winner. Truly, it is the high point of all Western civilization. Consequently, its defeat meant the defeat of civilization itself.
Today, the West is headed for the abyss. For the ultimate fate of our disposable society is for that society itself to be disposed of. And this will happen sooner, rather than later.
OLD, but ORIGINAL, Well made, Funny, Not remotely controlled............. and not Made in CHINA.

How to use the site:

- If you landed here via any Search Engine, you will get what you searched for and you can search more using the search this blog feature provided by Google. You can visit more posts scrolling the right blog archive of all posts of the month/year,
or you can click on the main photo-page to start from the main page. If doing so it starts from the most recent post to the older post doing simple clicking on the Older Post button on the bottom of each page after reading , post after post.

You can even visit all posts, time to time, reaching the bottom end of each page then click on the Older Post button.

- If you arrived here at the main page via bookmark you can visit all the site scrolling the right blog archive of all posts of the month/year pointing were you want , or more simple You can even visit all blog posts, from newer to older, clicking at the end of each bottom page on the Older Post button.
So you can see all the blog/site content surfing all pages in it.

- The search this blog feature provided by Google is a real search engine. If you're pointing particular things it will search IT for you; or you can place a brand name in the search query at your choice and visit all results page by page. It's useful since the content of the site is very large.

Note that if you don't find what you searched for, try it after a period of time; the site is a never ending job !

Technology has made us leap in terms of saving time and efforts. From the conventional pounding of clothes on the rock to the modern cubical white boxes which have several buttons for washing your clothes delicately or permanent press, we have come far from primitive hiccups of civilization.

Unlike other collector's items like watches, radios or cars, antique washing machine models do not allure the collectors, who try to avoid them as much as they can. One of the main reasons is that they are difficult to maintain.

1900 to 1935 saw the advent of old washing machines that were powered by gasoline or electric motors. Gasoline was hazardous and had environmental issues.

Before 1900, antique washing machines were actually run by people. But, invention of internal combustion engine and electric motor changed the scenario and electric powered washing machines became popular.
Since the old washing machines did not have on-off switch, if the clothes or hand of the user was caught in it, the electric chord had to be pulled out or the user could lose her anatomy. Basically, the safety mechanism was primeval.

History of antique washing machine can be traced back to 1800's when rotary washing machines were invented. Then in 1908, Hurley in Chicago introduced Thor - a vintage washing machine that comprised of a galvanized tub and an electric motor. The tub was wooden and turned 8 revolutions before reversing. It was designed by Fisher.

In 1893, Maytag Corporation started manufacturing washing machines and in 1907 they introduced a wooden tub in it.
Upton Machine Company or Whirlpool started in 1911 in Michigan. It manufactured electric motor driven wringer washers.

In 1920 rocker type machines became extremely popular. Judd rocker was amongst them but this washing machine did not have wringer safety release. There was no earth and the terminals were not insulated.
Later, Horton Company in Indiana started manufacturing electric machines, which featured a powered wringer. Additionally, it had a safety release.

J. T. Winans got patent for washing machine that had pulley, which was driven by a water motor. The water motor was belted to the pulley and this was connected to a tap. The water powered motors did not become popular and eventually the company shifted its focus to electrical powered washers.

One of the most interesting antique washing machines belonging to early 1900s was the Laun-Dry-Ette which was manufactured by Home Specialty Company, Ohio. There was no wringer present in it but it comprised of two cups (having an agitator), which produced a twisting motion for better cleaning. This old model is a darling of many vintage washing machine collectors.
According to estimation, there were more than 1000 companies in the early 1900s which were manufacturing washing machines. Most of them were small scale companies, but they all had resources to manufacture electric washers.

In 1691, first British patent was issued for the category of Washing and Wringing Machines.

In 1782, British patent for a rotating drum washer was issued to Henry Sidgier.
Nathanial Briggs was the first American to get the patent in this category.
Louis Goldenberg of New Jersey invented electric washer in the early 1900s.
Since he was employed with Ford, all inventions created by him during that time belonged to Ford.

In 1928, US sales increased to more than 900,000 units, but the sales dipped by 1932 to about 600,000 units only, due to Great Depression.

In 1930s spin dryers were introduced and the entire mechanism was hemmed in a cabinet. Manufacturers started paying lot of attention to safety issues. Spin dryers replaced the electric powered wringers.
Almost 60% of the households in US owned electric washing machines in 1940s.

In 1937, Bendix was issued a patent for automatic washing machine. The machine had to be anchored or fixed to the ground so that it didn't shift while functioning. Bendix Deluxe was introduced in 1947 and it was a front loading machine. It was priced at $250.
GE was the first company that introduced top load washing machines.

1940s and 1950s saw proliferation of washing machines that were mainly top loading.
Some companies manufactured laundry machines which were semi-automatic. The user was supposed to intervene with the wash cycle in order to wring and rinse the clothes.

Every OLD Washing Machine saved let revive knowledge, noise, thoughts, wash engineering, moments of the past life which will never return again.........
These were the days when some washing machines were more like machine tools and bristled with levers and gears. There was a sense of occasion when they were powered up and then helping to guide soaking sheets through those powerful rollers with torrents of soapy steaming water (roughly) pouring back into the tub.

Many contemporary appliances would not have this level of staying power, many would ware out or require major services within just five years and of course, there is that perennial bug bear of planned obsolescence where components our deliberately designed to fail or manufactured with limited edition specificities.

.......The bitterness of poor quality is remembered long after the sweetness of todays funny gadgets low price has faded from memory.....
Don't forget the past, the end of the world is upon us! Pretty soon it will all turn to dust!

Have big FUN ! !

©2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014 Frank Sharp - You do not have permission to copy photos and words from this blog, and any content may be never used it for auctions or commercial purposes, however feel free to post anything you see here with a courtesy link back, btw a link to the original post here , is mandatory.
All sets and apparates appearing here are property of
Engineer Frank Sharp. NOTHING HERE IS FOR SALE !

Monday, July 1, 2013

IGNIS K563 YEAR 1963.

The  IGNIS K563 SUPERAUTOMATICA is a 5kg capacity topload washing machine.

This is probabily one of the fascinating washing machines of the world, for design, robustness, programming, washing, easyness of use, reliability, durability, quality, noise........................and everlastingness...............a nice old Italian toploader washingmachine.......................

The IGNIS K563 was fabricated from 1962 to 1968 by IGNIS Italian factory of Giovanni BORGHI and was a very succesful product sold very well.

 The IGNIS K563 SUPERAUTOMATICA was first IGNIS Italian washing machine fully automatic and was called for that the   

"IGNIS SuperAutomatica"
The innovation concerns an automatic drum washing machine whose drum up within the machine housing suspended tub about a horizontal axis and is rotatable in its perforated shell has a capping by a cover having bare charging port.The object of the innovation, it is primarily of use to simplify and maintenance of such a machine and to facilitate. In particular, all operating controls be combined into a controller, the appropriate in a easily accessible location appropriate by the operator replaceable easily monitored and in case of disturbances easy should be fixable.
When opening the lid a security feature is performed;It is known that in washing machines electrical  rotational speed of the rotating parts, for example, the washing machine drum, high values can assume during spin, about 600 revolutions per minute. To accidents prevent, therefore, must the possibility of this high speed rotating parts accidentally touching hands absolutely avoided.
  The rotating parts therefore off by a lockable door generally covered which is coupled with an electric switch is, switches off the power supply of the motor as soon as the door is opened. Since a simple turning off of the Motors in view of the considerable inertia of the rotating parts is generally inadequate, developing eventually such machinery with a mechanical Brake that is set when you open the door in activity is a solution which may complex and expensive. The invention  therefore is an object, an effective accident prevention means a simple and economical way to realize. This object is achieved by the invention in that a second, in addition to access to the rotating parts opening door is provided which likewise with switch to open the first lid door can switch the motor on one of the lower  Speed ​​corresponding poles, for example, maximum number of poles (Wash speed), after while the switch of last openable door switches off the motor completely. The length of time between the opening of the second Door and the utter standstill of rotating Parts is, is so short that at normal speed speed handling touching the rotor animal parts can be carried out only when they are already have come to a complete stop. Intentionally accelerates the process of opening the second door, so Although the user can touch the rotating parts, if they are still in motion, however, this loading movement now so slow that no risk of accident is no longer present or even fully lowered.

According to the innovation the control and operating the  single machine controller it's provided that the upper part the machine housing behind the hinged cover detachable is mounted and a control pushbutton set, at least one Timers and a panel of printed circuits for connections.
Manure contains the pushbuttons set with the to time switch, the various parts of the machine, namely the motor, pump, etc. The Controller is electrically connected by cable to the who displayed  one end directly to the parts of the machine closed and at the other end by means of plug into the control desk envisaged outlets are plugged.
In a particularly advantageous embodiment of the Innovation contains the pushbuttons set individual pushbuttons with the ever numbers a special washing program associated , said on the control panel a list of the proposed Wash programs with corresponding numbers is present.
Further, the controller may have a display scale, whose light pointer indicates the respectively held operation.

It has a pretty unique programming approach were other fabricants have proposed after other automatic washers type with rotary timers. An example was the Italian CASTOR Queenmatic with one rotary timer knob used for even switch ON OFF the machine.
To operate the machine, it is therefore only necessary, to press each eligible pushbutton, whereupon the machine performs automatically the appropriate wash program. 

The direct competitor to this kind here above machine was the MIELE 420 and after model MIELE 421 in which one rotatable knob was used to perform program operation choice and power on and off.

Various versions have had developed with even an INOX finitures and INOX TUB called KINOX model, other versions and types were developed for other Italian Brands like RADIOMARELLI LV7, FARGAS 405, CGE, FIDES, ALGOR, SALAMINI S8,  but basically all identical to the IGNIS K563 ...........

A further space save version called IGNIS SPAZIALE was developed on the basis of the K563 SUPERAUTOMATICA but with different timer version (HOLZER AOZ151) and without buttons but only rotary selector for the 8 programs.

The machine may be water feeded with warm  and cold or only cold water  or mixed.

The IGNIS K563 SUPERAUTOMATICA may be easy moved around washing room with the wheel device bottom located which by means of a lever may be pulled to drive the wheel of the floor  to help moving it pulling the machine.
When someone finishied positioning the machine the lever may be closed to lock the machine of the floor by its natural hughe weight.

All commands are located above and all programs are selectred through numbered pushbuttons under a transparent lid.

To start a washing program according to load, you have to push the corresponding number and then press the  "1" button to wake up the timer which starts running and performs the search to automatically run all needed sequences, indicating on a scala with a left to right moving nail the performed pre washing, washing, rinsing, spin operations of the machine in real time. A further red neon lamp on the left side (pictured as "Riscaldamento" =Heating) indicates when the machines heats up the water at temperatures from 30 to 95° degree.

The upside right green neon lamp (IT'S NOT A LED...............) shows the running of the program and turns off at the end of the program.
If you open the blue light top lid during spin, it will switch suddenly the low speed motor windings obtaining a fast drum speed decrease to wash speed for safety reasons.

Eventually unwanted, by an user, parts of the washing program may be cutted out or skipped pushing one more time the "1" button until the program progress indicator nail moves on the desired position. This allows to create personalized programs by skipping parts until the user will do so.

The machine IGNIS K563 SUPERAUTOMATICA is illustrated in the figures but typically it can comprise a drum mounted on a shaft in bearings so as to be rotatable on a horizontal axis within a liquid containing cylinder which is suspended by means of cooperating springs and dampers absorbers within an outer cabinet.

It's entirely driven by an HOLZER TIMER (Inventor: Walter HOLZER) AT126  which comprises all devices to perform fully automatic control of the machine electromecanically, and all Patents for all of the systems have had exclusive feature on the  IGNIS K563 SUPERAUTOMATICA .

The motor of the  IGNIS K563 SUPERAUTOMATICA is a double concentric rotor / stator type with 18 poles for wash speed (260 rpm) and a 2 poles for spin speed (2850 rpm) and was created by engineer Renato Biglino under the Patent as Brevetto Biglino.
Was fabricated in a factory called ELVA (ELettromeccanica VAresina) and in a factory called GIO-BO (GIOvanni BOrghi) and someway  even by Ansaldo Motori.

It has 2 resistors of 1300W each one to warm up water and the timer stops advancing until requested temperature is reached, in the mean time cadences of wash revolutions are set up accordigly to wash & pause.

Drain pump is electrical and it's directly mounted on the down side of the tub in a sump.

The cabinet is a highly very heavy and very robust undestroyable ceramic /porcelain enamel steel sheet rust free.Vitreous enamel, also porcelain enamel in US English, is a material made by fusing ... such as some cooking vessels, dishwashers, laundry machines, sinks, and tubs. This invention relates to an enamelling process with porcelain enamel powder coating, particularly for two-layer enamelling, by electrostatically spraying ground-coat and surface-coat powders, followed by common baking, provides an improved one coat,porcelain enamel frit composition which evidences excellent chemical durability and adherence while at the same time having good workability properties so that a relatively thin enamel lining on the order of 5 to 6 mils in thickness can be provided without evidence of pinhole or copperheading defects. At a thickness of one to two mils, the enamel coating of the present invention is also characterized by a rather unique surface appearance, having'a leather-like texture which may be due to its ability to take up iron oxide from the surface of the sheet steel.
The improved porcelain enamel frit of the present application contains a major proportion of silica, together with controlled amounts of titania, boric oxide, sodium oxide, lithium oxide, calcium oxide, cobalt oxide, manganese ice oxide, and fluorine. In the preferred embodiment, the frit also contains small controlled amounts of zirconia, potassium oxide, and nickel oxide. While all of these compounds have previously been employed in porcelain enamel frits for lining hot water tanks, the frit of the present invention contains a balance between the various oxides in the composition which has been found to be responsible for the substantially improved workability properties which characterize the enamel coatings produced from the frits of the present invention.

The IGNIS K563 weights more than 110KG.

 The IGNIS K563 is the real maximum example of how Italian and European Industry have had a great value for their products and their workplaces........ indeed.....that industry was, in the years after, sinked and destroyed and brought to shit by Politics and Global ass economies, combined toghether, to create an overall radical chic money drop rise up consumerism landing to a Nowhere land of supreme confusion and money idealism Idiocy all without any identity, personality, humanity and soul.


 Investing in the industrial development of artisan villages
in Varese, Italy, Giovanni Borghi builds a factory for 200
employees to manufacture not only ovens and cooktops, but
also an appliance previously unknown in Italy: the refrigerator.
Ignis workers produce appliances for third-party companies
like Fiat, Atlantic, Philco, Emerson and Philips. Borghi builds
the “Villages of Ignis,” with affordable one- and two-family
houses (Borghi Villages), as well as a pool and sports center
in Comerio, Italy, and a hostel vvith recreational facilities for
young workers in Cassinetta, Italy, all intended to promote a
comfortable, healthy lifestyle.

  The Milan industrialist Giovanni Borghi founded the IGNIS brand of household appliances.  His factories would turn out one appliance every eight seconds, and make billions selling them to Italy's exploding middle class.   Borghi was famous for his early support of cycling, and his yellow IGNIS jerseyed squadra won more than a few great races in the late fifties and early sixties.

Borghi was aggressive, flamboyant and flashy.  And he took care of his stars - famously buying Spanish sprinter Miguel Poblet a Lancia convertible after his Milan San Remo win.   On top of his 25 million lire per year salary.  

Giovanni Borghi, was an Italian industrialist pioneer in the field of domestic appliances, returned from a trip in the USA with a real
illumination: refrigerators insulated with Polyurethane foam were much more
efficient and capacious than those hand-filled with mineral wood.
His refrigerators Group, Ignis, developed internally this technology and the
related equipment, a suitable alternative to the imported foam dispensers, which
were difficult to get, fix and maintain, stimulating an industrial supply of
similar machines.  

 And in 1959 Borghi signed the man most of Italy thought would be the man to replace Fausto Coppi:  1956 Olympic, 1958 Giro d'Italia and World Champion  Ercole Baldini.  He lured Baldini away from Legnano with a contract so fat many said it only served to asurre that il treno di Forli.. would...well...get a little too fat himself!  He was never quite as hungry once he went to IGNIS.

Borghi kept control of IGNIS in the family.  In the paternalistic Italian industrial model - like Ferrari, Maserati or Campagnolo.   He later turned the reins over to his son, who in turn finally sold the company to Dutch conglomerate, Philips.

When Philips decided to get into the major household appliances
market, its procedure was to buy increasing quantities of these goods from the Italian firm, Ignis, then at the height of its prosperity.
Once it became the principal client of the manufacturer, it took over supplying the latter by purchasing 50 percent of its capital. It took over the firm completely in 1972, to the satisfaction of the founder of Ignis, Giovanni Borghi. 

Borghi is still remembered in Italia.   RAI even aired TV miniseries about his life this past year, "Mister Ignis". 


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